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A
N
INNOVATIVE
RESEARCH
How to reinvent rural land in Ivory Coast ?
” a multicultural and multi-
disciplinary tow-year study led by Audace Institut Afrique, an Ivorian
independent and non-political think tank. This study has been carried
out with the support of the
Atlas Economic Research Foundation
and
Friedrich Naumann Stiftung
.
Reinventing Land Security
According to the most optimistic figures, 4% of the lands are currently
registered in Ivory Coast. At this rate, it will take more than a century
to cover the whole territory. Let’s say that the land certificate which
costs on average one year of the income of a regular Ivorian is at the
expense of the applicant. However, the government cannot afford
to deliver free certificates. This context obliges us to reconsider land
security. We should, indeed, secure the remaining 96% of the land
while waiting for the registration.
The development of clear contract solving in land exchanges is a
good way for security
. In order to cut down on risks, and therefore to
encourage investment and social cohesion, reduce conflicts, it is suit-
able to create a frame that generates a maximum of clearness and
credibility to contracts. The geographic space, the name of the par-
ties, the family referent, the contract duration, the type of contract,
the crops and activities that are possible on the land, the right price,
should be well defined by the parties with a translation if necessary,
to clarify the commitment.
A clear contract enables an investor to make planning according to
the type of his contracts. These contracts can be adapted to their
own context in compliance with the local realities which differ from
one religion to another.
In order to equip the contract solving with a sufficient credibility, some
basic reforms are necessary.
multicultural and multidisciplinary study