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7
Strong ideas
Professor Christophe prefers assimilating or
substituting the idea of common good to the
« public service » that is developing since
Independence years, distinguishing
public from private interests. In this
perspective, he finds out while
regretting that the operation of
African States is informal and the
public service is at the embryonic
stage.
According to Alban Ahouré, in response to the
failure of African states, alternative solutions for
common goods governance do exist, such as the
model that won a Nobel Prize to the American
Economist Elinor Ostrom. This is a model of
decentralized
and
participatory
local
governance of common goods. This new
governance which doesn’t preclude the state,
can limit its fragility and failure while creating a
shared added value locally. Coordination arenas,
forms of discussion and information sharing
according to norms of reciprocity are success
factors. A way very adapted to the African
context.
Prof. Salamito explains that according to Saint
Augustine, these assets belong to the people,
multitude of rational beings associated with the
joint participation and in harmony with something
they like and that gathers them. Far from any
elitism, common good is an
objective and universal moral good.
Numbers and mathematical truths
are ones that are shared and do not
wear off. Just as the truth common
to all, or happiness a supreme good
For Professor. Bohoussou, intellectual
property giving monopoly on ideas (common
goods essentially), is in deep contradiction with
the principle of freedom of trade and industry
which states that competition rules the market
without protection. However, intellectual property
right presents several advantages in many ways
for common goods by enriching them. Indeed,
the protection of invention encourages
innovation. The protection having a defined
duration in time enriches it when it returns in the
common good.
An independent
judiciary to improve
governance of
common goods